Eighty-Eighty

I decided that I had wanted to give myself a little bit of mental exercise so I started work on the Lanier again.

Lanier on table

This began by dumping the thing on the table, pulling the CPU card out and trying to begin modeling its schematics in KiCAD. This is slow, problem-riddled (the board traces go back-front-back-front and are difficult to follow).

Made a decision to power it up after far too long sat up doing nothing. Pulled the PSU out and brought it up slowly on the Variac.

slowly, slowly

Same old nonsense, the thing didn’t do a whole lot of anything to begin with, a bit of a beep, floppy drive lights on. Hooked it up to my new logic analyzer on what looks to most likely be the bus on the backplane.

logic analyzer

There’s a bit of life, and the behavior begins to change. The floppy drives begin to clatter and rattle. I solder a bypass onto the video card to make the screen always show what’s on-screen (blanking bypass) and it’s got some nonsense changing here and there, occasionally filling the screen with alternating patterns.

logic traces

The logic traces look “dirty”, there’s a lot of glitches and the machine in general seems rather unhappy.

omooikkiakka

Some of the random content on the screen can be moderately amusing though.

Right around this point I was contacted by a guy in Ireland who used to service these things, still has one, schematics, discs and spares- everything I thought I’d never got for it. He says it’s a real early model with the screws holding the case on at the sides (probably circa 1975).
His suggestion was check the power supply, because random freaking-out type behavior is normally bad power.

power

I pulled the PSU and checked the voltages present. Everything was where it was supposed to be. Plugged the boards back in and same problem. Started to probe voltages on-load and found that the -12V rail had dropped down to +0.4V which is rather odd. Put a light bulb across the rail- it flashed then went out. Pulled the video card out and the rail stayed stable.

Zener

The RAM in the machine was all 4116, which requires +12, +5 and -5V supplies to work. I had replaced the CPU board with 4164, which needs only +5 so that cuts down on heat and current requirements significantly. The video board still uses 4116 so would definitely not be working without -5, which is derived from the -12 rail. The circuit is rather simple, a diode to the -12V rail, through a 330 Ohm resistor and the other side of that held to a stable voltage by a 5.1V Zener diode. I pulled one leg of the Zener off, removed all the RAM chips and put the video card back in and powered the machine up. The screen filled with [] symbols, which was expected as the RAM is not present and all lines would remain at zero. The -12V rail stayed stable also so the Zener was suspect. I’ve had them fail in the past and turn into almost a dead short. Found a temporary replacement in my box of stuff (half the Wattage rating but OK for a temp try).
Back into the chassis and still the -12V rail collapses. Start tweaking the crowbar adjustment and manage to get it to an unhappy -11.5V before it would just trip out over and over. Turn the PSU over.. and the -15 rail, which the -12 comes from.. is the only line I’d not replaced the main filter capacitor on.

capacitor

It’s all leaky up top, the vent is showing signs of having vented out. Not good. That’s most likely going short, drawing too much current and when the boards are added to that draw, the over-current crowbar is kicking in and shutting the rail down.
I had a dig and find a 15000uF, 50V capacitor with clip lugs. Soldered that in on short flying leads and powered the PSU up. -12 rail is at 12.04V, -15 at 13.3 unloaded so I adjusted them and then hooked up the computer boards. Made a slight tweak to all the voltages and got them within 0.01V stable.

There’s still something that’s not happy because switched on cold it beeps (with a somewhat crackling warble modulating the beep) and the drives click. Once it’s been on for a while it begins to not beep any more and it still goes a bit haywire but at least now I know that the main supply is good. I need to order the correct screw-in capacitor and a higher Wattage Zener for the -5 rail supply on the video card, but this is positive progress.

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